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Nikah - Marriage in Islam

"And among His signs is this, that He created for you mates from among yourselves, that you may dwell in tranquility with them, and He has put love and mercy between your hearts. Verily in that are signs for those who reflect." (Qur'an 30:21)

In the Qur'an, the marriage relationship is between a man and a woman and is described as one with "tranquility", "love" and "mercy". Elsewhere in the Qur'an, husband and wife are described as "garments" for each other (2:187). Garments offer protection, comfort, modesty, and warmth. Above all, the Qur'an describes that the best garment is the "garment of God-consciousness" (7:26).

Muslims view marriage as the foundation of society and family life. In a practical aspect, Islamic marriage is thus structured through legally-enforceable rights and duties of both parties. In an atmosphere of love and respect, these rights and duties provide a framework for the balance of family life and the fulfillment of both partners.

General Rights

  • To be treated with honor, kindness, and patience.
  • To enjoy intimate relations with each other.
  • To have children, by God's will.
  • To keep one's legal/personal identity after marriage, inheritance rights, mahr (dowery or bridal gift)>, etc.

General Duties

  • To be faithful to the marriage bond.
  • To strive to be attractive to one's spouse.
  • To assist and support one another, and to resolve disputes amicably.
  • The husband has the duty to provide all physical maintenance of the family (housing, clothing, food, medical, etc.).

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